A seizure is a brief electrical disturbance in the brain. There are different kinds of seizures, and each person’s seizures are unique to him or her. If a person has recurrent seizures, he/she is said to have epilepsy.
There are many different kinds of epilepsy. The treatment is selected based on the cause of the epilepsy. There are many different kinds of tests and treatments for epilepsy:
Anti-seizure medications interrupt this process by reducing the sensitivity of brain cells to this abnormal excitation. Medication is the most common treatment for seizures and epileptic syndromes.
Neuro-surgery is sometimes used to treat epilepsy. During the surgery, a tiny portion of the brain where the seizures originate may be removed. In other cases, nerve fibers can be severed to help prevent the impulses that occur during a seizure from spreading to other parts of the brain.
Vagus Nerve Stimulation
The vagus nerve is one of 12 pairs of nerves that originate in the brain. Vagal nerve stimulation has been effective in reducing the frequency of seizures in patients whose seizures are not controlled by medications, and who are either not candidates for other types of surgery or who have chosen not to undergo these procedures.